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Technology has reached a point now where we can use anyone’s face and make anyone talk anything and can make high quality fake videos.
What Is Deepfake?
In wikipedia “Deepfake is defined as a portmanteau of “deep learning” and “fake”, is an artificial intelligence-based human image synthesis technique. It is used to combine and superimpose existing images and videos onto source images or videos.”
How Does Deepfake technology work?
In short Deepfake technology uses neural networks to make fake videos. Basically neural networks “learn” to perform tasks by considering examples, generally without being programmed with any task-specific rules. For example, in image recognition, they might learn to identify images that contain cats by analyzing example images that have been manually labeled as “cat” or “no cat” and using the results to identify cats in other images.
This same Neural Network technology is used in the Snapchat And Instagram filters.
Is Deepfake Danger To Society?
As we know its depends on us how we use this technology. Every new technology can be used in a positive way or in a negative way.
So this technology has a lot of potential and it can be used in a positive uses for eg. In movie industry which can save a lot of money.
But in autumn 2017, an anonymous Reddit user under the pseudonym “Deepfakes” posted several porn videos of actress on the Internet which was created with an artificial intelligence.
Deepfakes have been used to misrepresent well-known politicians on video portals or chatrooms. For example, the face of the Argentine President Mauricio Macri was replaced by the face of Adolf Hitler, and Angela Merkel’s face was replaced with Donald Trump’s. In April 2018, Jordan Peele and Jonah Peretti created a deepfake using Barack Obama as a public service announcement about the danger of deepfakes.
Should we fear of Deepfake ?
Personally I think we don’t have to fear that someone can make our fake videos because the the inital requirements is a lots of video footage to train the neural network. But if anyone has a lots of video footage of you then they can make a fake video of yours. But people like celebrities, journalists, politicians should fear this technology as lot of their videos are available online.
If the availability of the video footage is in the large number than the neural networks gets very well trained.
Can Deepfake be a threat?
Personally I think it can be a threat in future because its really hard to identify which is real video or fake video.